Making Ink – ARMA

ARMA – Making Ink: Suitable for 4th – 6th Class

Primary School Arma Educational Resources

Medieval Manuscripts provide scholars and historians with insights into society and culture during the Middle Ages. They are also of interest to scientists, as they provide evidence of how different coloured inks and dyes were created using materials found in nature. Under this theme, primary school pupils will have the opportunity to experiment with pigments from natural materials inspired by those used in Medieval Manuscripts. The first video will introduce pupils to ink making in the Medieval period, recipes to achieve different colours, and the level of creativity and ingenuity required to make such inks. The second video provides tutorials on how to make ink from foraged and natural materials found in your nearby area.

Click here for ARMA Reading Aloud resource.

Click here for ARMA Calligraphy programme.

With Thanks to

Reading Aloud – ARMA

This programme will introduce primary school pupils to the practice of reading in the Middle Ages and how it was different from reading today. Pupils will begin by playing the interactive Reading Aloud Game, which will encourage them to think about what reading is and how it changed over time. The lesson plan that follows outlines a series of performance-based activities inspired by the research of Eleanor Giraud on Melodic Lection Marks, and how they aided with reading aloud. Following this programme, pupils will have a greater understanding of the practice of reading aloud in Medieval times, the shift towards silent reading, and how this changed our relationship with the written word.

Click here for ARMA Making Ink resource.

Click here for ARMA Calligraphy programme.

Play ARMA`S interactive Reading Aloud Game

With Thanks to

Calligraphy programme – ARMA

Welcome to the Art of Reading in the Middle Ages (ARMA) curriculum linked teaching and learning resources for schools. These harness medieval digital collections from the Hunt Museum and Limerick Museum and manuscripts available through Europeana Foundation

The ARMA programme aims to explore how reading culture evolved in the Middle Ages and became a fundamental aspect of European culture. The main objectives of this programme is to digitise up to 20,000 medieval manuscripts (c. 500 and c. 1500) and make them accessible online for anyone to use copyright free.  Critically the programme will also unlock the educational potential of these digital collections by producing an online exhibition, blogs and other editorials and teaching and learning resources.

Click here for ARMA Making Ink resource.

Click here for ARMA Reading Aloud Resource

Resource 1: Calligraphy in the Middle Ages

Suitability: 4th to 6th classes

Translator at work from BL Royal 18 E III, f. 24 by Valerius Maximus, translated by Simon de Hesdin and Nicholas de Gonesse - 1479 - The British Library, United Kingdom - Public Domain.

Manuscript leaf from a Book of Pericopes/Animal,Skin,Mammal skin,Parchment,Vellum/12th century AD/The Hunt Collection/PD

Manuscript leaf from a Book of Pericopes/Animal,Skin,Mammal skin,Parchment,Vellum/12th century AD/The Hunt Collection/PD

Visual Art

  • Strand – Drawing
  • Strand Unit- Making Drawings



  • Strand: Life, Society, Work & Culture
  • Strand Unit: Life in Medieval town & countryside

Teaching Materials

Today it is easy and quick to record and disseminate information, but in the Middle Ages this process was slow and laborious. All books known as manuscripts were copied by hand using a decorative style of script known as calligraphy.

These teaching materials will enable primary school children to learn about the process and history of calligraphy by comparing and contrasting manuscript examples from Europeana’s collections and historical objects from Limerick Museum and the Hunt Museum associated with the practice of calligraphy. The children will then fashion a calligraphy pen and use it to create their own piece of calligraphy.

With thanks to:

Communities of Culture Loan Box

Communities of Culture Loan Box for Primary Schools.

The Hunt Museum offers a range of different loan boxes containing an array of handling material, and activity resources, that can bring the past to life in the classroom.

Choice of two loan boxes to choose from – the Northside loan box and/or the Southside loan box. Created by local community groups with activities and workshops relating to the culture and heritage in these areas.

Animal Hunt Online Programme

This 20 minute video workshop introduces Primary School students to animal based collections at the Hunt Museum. Students learn how artists throughout history have depicted animals in their art, and why certain animals are important to different cultures. Students will be introduced to the online research tools that will help them complete the Animal Hunt 3D online activity.


  • Strand: Early people and ancient societies


  • Strand: Drawing
  • Strand: Making & constructing
  • Strand: Looking & Observing

Life in the Bronze Age


For 3rd and 4th Classes
Cost: 3.50 per pupil, teachers go free!
Duration: 60 mins

This workshop encourages pupils to thematically explore the objects and practices of Ireland’s Bronze Age people. It enables them to investigate and use as evidence the Bronze Age collections on display in the Hunt Museum. The handling of replica prehistoric artefacts will provide additional opportunities for inquiry-led learning. Pupils also get to try out some simple prehistoric technologies. This workshop walks the students through the prehistoric timeline as they learn how technologies emerged and advanced from the Stone Age to the Bronze Age.

Curricular Links:
History: Working as an Historian; Early People and 
Ancient Societies; Stone Age People; Bronze Age 






  • Working as a historian
  • Early People and Ancient Societies
  • Community and change over time
  • Local studies

Visual Arts

  • Drawing & constructing


  • Materials


  • Human Environments

The Three Muses

The Three Muses: An innovative schools programme from the Hunt Museum, Limerick Museum, and Limerick City Gallery of Art, focussing on modern and contemporary visual art.

Duration: 60 mins

The Three Muses: Exploring art and identity is a programme for Primary School students designed to increase access, ownership, and enjoyment of the collections of three museums in Limerick city.

Participating school groups will enjoy a full day at the museum of workshops, and avail of activity packs to extend their learning.

Visual Art

  • Paint and Colour: Looking and responding; Making
  • Clay: Looking and responding; Making
  • Print: Looking & responding; Making


  • Strand: Local Studies
  • Strand: Working as a historian
  • Strand: Life, society, and culture in the past
  • Strand: Continuity and change over time

Viking Handling Session

Suitable for 1st – 6th class
€3.50 per pupil, teachers go free!

This workshop is all about the Vikings. Pupils engage in active learning through handling replica objects such as clothing tools and weapons. During this tour they experience original Viking objects in our collection and complete related activities facilitating cross curricular learning. This workshop can be tailored to suit different age groups and learning abilities.

Curricular Links:
Art: Drawing & Constructing
Strand: Looking & Responding
History: Stories; Early People & Ancient Societies;
Change & Continuity; Working as a Historian;
Local Studies

Loan box:

This is also available as a loan box.

The Hunt Museum offers a range of different loan boxes containing an array of handling material, and activity resources, that can bring the past to life in the classroom.

Contains artifacts relating to Ireland’s Viking age, and the role of the Norsemen in Limerick.

Cost: 30 euro plus VAT for 10 days.


  • Strand: Drawing & Constructing
  • Strand: Looking & Responding


  • Strand: Stories
  • Strand: Early People & Ancient Societies
  • Strand: Change & Continuity
  • Strand: Working as a Historian
  • Strand: Local Studies

Online programme also available: 

Find it here.

To book email or call:





All about the Hunt Museum

All about the Hunt Museum! What exactly is a museum? What is displayed in a museum? What can objects tell us about people from the past? What can we learn from art?

Suitable for 1st & 2nd Class
Duration: 60 mins
3.50 per pupil, teachers go free!

Students are introduced to highlights from the collection in a fun and accessible way. They can develop their observation skills through problem-solving, investigation, drawing, and discussion. As well as exploring aspects of art such as shape, line, colour, and texture, children will look at simple historical concepts, such as evidence.

Visual Arts

  • Drawing
  • Looking & Responding


  • Working as a Historian
  • Stories


Viking Online Programme for Primary Schools

Through this Viking online programme, students will explore life in Viking Ireland and create some Viking art along the way! It is a digital programme designed for 3rd and 4th class students, consisting of short animations, a virtual handling session and printable activity books. The aim is to provide students with a better understanding of Viking history in Ireland.

There is also a Viking handling session available. 

Video & worksheet

Students will use both original and replica Viking objects from the Hunt Museum’s Permanent Collection to learn more about their lives.

Watch the video for more information:

Visual Arts

  • Strands: Drawing; Constructing; Looking & Responding


  • Strand: Stories;
  • Strand: Early People & Ancient Societies;
  • Strand: Local Studies;
  • Strand: Change & Continuity;
  • Strand: Working as a Historian

This is also available as an onsite programme.

Find it here.